Building a new deck can be a great way to increase the value of your home, as well as provide a great space for outdoor entertaining. If you’re thinking about building a deck, there are some basic things you need to know to get started.
What Is A Deck?
A deck is an outdoor living space, typically made of wood or composite decking material, that is attached to the house. Decks can be used for a variety of purposes, including entertaining, cooking, relaxing, and more.
There are many reasons why you might want to deck build. Some people build decks because they want to increase the value of their homes. Others build decks because they enjoy spending time outdoors and entertaining guests.
Components Of Deck
The most important components of a deck are the foundation, framing, and decking. The foundation is necessary to prevent the deck from sinking into the ground, and it should be made of concrete or a sturdy wood frame. The framing holds the deck together and should be made of treated lumber to withstand weathering. The decking is what people will actually see and walk on, so it should be made of a durable material like composite decking or treated wood.
One of the most important aspects of deck building is flashing. Flashing is a thin strip of metal or plastic that helps to seal the connection between the house and the deck. Without proper flashing, water can seep into the house and cause damage.
Another important aspect of deck building is the ledger attachment. The ledger is a horizontal board that is attached to the house and supports one end of the deck. The ledger should be made of pressure-treated lumber and should be properly flashed to prevent water damage.
Guardrails are necessary to prevent people from falling off the deck. They should be made of sturdy material like wood or metal and should be at least 36 inches high.
Stairways and Handrails
If your deck is more than 30 inches off the ground, you will need to add stairways and handrails. Stairways should be made of sturdy material like wood or concrete, and they should have a handrail on one side to help people keep their balance.
Deck Floorboard Materials
The material you use for the floorboards of your deck will depend on the style of your home and your personal preferences. Some popular choices for composite decking materials include composite decking, pressure-treated wood, and cedar.
Pressure-treated wood is a popular choice for decking because it is durable and inexpensive. It is treated with chemicals to resist rot and insect damage, so it will last longer than untreated wood.
Composite wood is a mixture of wood and plastic, and it is a popular choice for decking because it is durable and easy to care for. Composite decking is made to look like natural wood, but it does not require the same level of maintenance.
Cedar is a type of softwood, and it is a popular choice for decking because it is durable and has a natural resistance to rot and insect damage. Cedar is also a beautiful wood, so it can add to the aesthetic of your home. However, it is expensive and requires more maintenance than other types of wood.
Tropical hardwoods are a type of wood that is native to tropical regions. They are typically very durable and resistant to rot and insect damage.
Steps To Install A Deck
Building a deck can be a daunting task, but it doesn’t have to be. With a little planning and some basic knowledge of carpentry, you can build a beautiful new deck in no time.
Ledge Board Cutting & Sizing
The first step is to size and cut the ledger board. The ledger board is a horizontal board that is attached to the house and supports one end of the deck. It should be made of pressure-treated lumber and should be properly flashed to prevent water damage.
Next, you will need to cut the joists. Joist hangers are the beams that run perpendicular to the ledger board and support the decking. Rim joists should be made of pressure-treated lumber and should be joist spacing of 16 inches apart.
After the ledger board is cut, you will need to attach it to the house. You will need to use lag bolts or carriage bolts to attach the ledger board to the house. The number of bolts you will need will depend on the size of the ledger board.
Location Of Post Footings
The next step is to determine the locations of the post footings. Post footings are the posts that support the deck and should be made of concrete. They should be spaced 8 feet apart and should be at least 2 feet deep below the frost line.
Digging And Pouring
Once the locations of the post footings are determined, you will need to dig the holes and pour the concrete footings. The holes should be 2 feet deep and 8 feet apart. After the concrete has been poured, you will need to wait for it to cure before moving on to the next step.
After the concrete has cured, you will need to attach the posts to the footings. Drill pilot holes and place metal post anchors in the holes and then attach the posts to the anchors. The post should be 6 feet tall.
Install The Beam
The next step is to install the beam. The beam is a horizontal board that runs along the length of the deck and supports with joist hanger nails. It should be made of pressure-treated lumber and should be attached to the posts with carriage bolts.
Attach Outside & Header
The next step is to build the header and outside joists. This is the frame of the deck board. You can attach the header to the posts with carriage bolts and attach the joists to the ledger board with the wood deck joists hanger.
After the frame is complete, you will need to install the floor joists. These are the boards that run perpendicular to the beam and support the decking.
The final step is to lay the decking. This can be done with either deck screws or nails. Start at the outside edge of the deck flooring and work your way in. Be sure to leave a 1/4-inch gap between each composite deck board to allow for expansion.
If your deck is more than 2 feet off the ground, you will need to install a staircase. The first step is to determine the rise and run of the stairs. The rise is the vertical distance between each step, and the run is the horizontal distance.
Build The Deck Railing
The next step is to build the railing. The railing should be made of pressure-treated lumber and should be attached to the posts with carriage bolts. The top rail should be at least 36 inches above the decking and the bottom rail should be at least 2 feet off the ground.
Benefit Of Building A New Deck
Building a new deck can be a great way to add value to your home. Many benefits come with owning a deck.
One of the best things about owning a deck is that it can open up your space. If you have a small yard, a deck can give you the extra space you need to entertain guests or relax outside.
Another benefit of building a new deck is that it can save you from having to do extensive renovations. If your deck is in good condition, you may only need to replace the railing or decking boards. This can save you time and money in the long run.
A new deck can also increase the value of your home. If you plan on selling your home in the future, a deck can be a great selling point. Also, if you ever need to take out a home equity loan, the value of your home will increase if you have a deck.
Building a deck is also less expensive than adding an addition to your home. If you need extra space, a deck is a great option. It can save you money and still give you the extra space you need.
Another great thing about owning a deck is that it can improve the aesthetic appeal of your home. If you have a beautiful view, a deck can help you enjoy it even more. Also, if you have an ugly yard, a deck can cover it up and make your home look more appealing.
A deck can also be customized to fit your lifestyle. If you entertain often, you can build a large deck with a grill and outdoor kitchen. Or, if you just want a place to relax, you can build a small deck with a few chairs and a table.
Build your Deck Today
It’s time to get started. The first step is to contact our deck builder. They can help you design and build the perfect deck boards for your home. Our deck builders have years of experience in deck construction and will work with you to create a beautiful deck that you can enjoy for years to come. Contact us today to get started!